Unsymmetrical urea and thiourea derivatives: An efficient nano BF 3-SiO 2 catalyzed PEG-400 mediated sonochemical synthesis and biological evaluation
D. B. Janakiramudu , D. Subba Rao, Koduru Madhu, Golla Madhava, C. Naga Raju and Ponne V. Chalapathi
Department of Chemistry, S. V. Arts College, Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams (TTD), Tirupati-517502, Andhra Pradesh, India
Chemical Research & Development, API Centre, Micro Labs Ltd., KIADB INDL Area, Bommasandra-Jigani Link Road, Bangalore-560105, Karnataka, India
Department of Chemistry, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati-517502, Andhra Pradesh, India
Abstract: An efficient and green approach has been developed for the synthesis of (substituted phenyl)-3-(4-(4-nitrophenylthio)phenyl)urea/thiourea derivatives 6(a-j) using non-hazardous green solvent, PEG-400 under ultrasound irradiation conditions in the presence of a reusable silica-supported Lewis acid catalyst, nano-BF 3-SiO 2via simple addition reaction of 4-(4-nitrophenylthio)aniline (4) with substituted phenyl isocyanates/isothiocyanates 5 (a-j). The advantages of developed method are convenient, offered higher yield of products with purity, less reaction time, easy work-up and reusability of the catalyst. Structures of the title products were established by IR, NMR ( 1H, 13C), mass spectral data and elemental analysis. Antimicrobial activity of the newly synthesized compounds was tested and the bio-screening data disclosed that urea derivatives, 6a and 6d, and thiourea derivatives, 6f, 6i and 6j showed potential antimicrobial activity against the growth of selected microorganisms.
Keywords : 4-(4-Nitrophenylthio)aniline; nano-BF 3.SiO 2; PEG-400; ultrasonication; urea and thiourea derivatives; antimicrobial activity. © 2017 ACG Publications. All rights reserved.