Chemical Composition of a New Taxon, Seseli gummiferum subsp. ilgazense, and its Larvicidal Activity against Aedesaegypti
Mine Kurkcuoglu, Nurhayat Tabanca, Abbas Ali, Ikhlas A. Khan, Ahmet Duran and K. Husnu Can Baser
Anadolu University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacognosy, 26470, Eskisehir, Türkiye
National Center for Natural Products Research, The University of Mississippi, University, MS 38677, USA
Current address: USDA-ARS, Subtropical Horticulture Research Station, 13601 Old Cutler Rd., Miami, FL 33158 USA
Selcuk University, Faculty of Education, Department of Biology, 42090 Konya, Türkiye
Near East University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacognosy, Nicosia, Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
Abstract: Mosquitoes are vectors for many pathogens and parasites that cause human diseases including dengue, yellow fever, West Nile, chikungunya, filariasis and malaria which cause high rates of human morbidity and mortality under extreme conditions. Plants are an excellent source for mosquito control agents because they constitute rich sources of bioactive chemicals. They are also biodegradable and environment-friendly. The present study reports on the larvicidal activity of the essential oil of Seseli gummiferum. subsp. ilgazense (Apiaceae) against Aedes aegypti larvae. Essential oil showed 100 and 70% mortality at 125 and 62.6 ppm, respectively, with no mortality at 31.25 ppm. Aerial parts of S. gummiferum subsp. ilgazense were subjected to hydrodistillation to yield 0.6% oil. The essential oil was analyzed by GC-FID and GC-MS techniques. The main constituents in the oil were sabinene (28.8%), germacrene D (9.5%) and α -pinene (7.2%).
Keywords: Asteraceae; Seseli gummiferum; essential oil; sabinene; germacrene D; α -pinene; Aedes aegypti; larvicidal activity. © 2017 ACG Publications. All rights reserved.