JOURNAL


Records of Natural Products
VOLUME & ISSUE
Available Online: June 22,2019
PAGES
p.1 - 12
DOI ADDRESS
http://doi.org/10.25135/rnp.138.19.04.1262
(DOI number will be activated after the manuscript has been available in an issue.)
STATISTICS
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AUTHORS
  • Yong Yang
  • Yaping Tian
  • Qinghe Zhang
  • Xiaoqing Li
  • Yun Fu
  • Haotian Pei
  • Dan Lu
  • 1 - School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jilin University
  • 2 - 1st Hospital of Jilin University
  • 3 - College of Pharmacy, Changchun University of Chinese Medicine
  • 4 - School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jilin University
  • 5 - School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jilin University
  • 6 - School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jilin University
  • 7 - School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jilin University
PDF OF ARTICLE

ABSTRACT


Fructus Sophorae (FS), the dry mature fruit of Sophora japonica Leguminosae, is a valuable traditional Chinese medicine resource with flavonoids as the major active ingredients. To identify the plant-derived estrogen-like flavonoids serving as potential osteoporosis chemopreventive agents, we isolated and identified 27 flavonoids compounds, including 17 compounds obtained for the first time from FS. To screen out the flavonoids with estrogen-like biological behavior from the 11 high yield compounds, we set up an in vitro screening system in rat osteoblast MC3T3-E1 cells including MTT assay, alkaline phosphatase staining and Alizarin red S staining assay to examine the effects on cell proliferation, differentiation and mineralization of osteoblast cells respectively. Six flavonoids, including genistein, sophoricoside, sophorabioside, sophoraflavonoloside, nicotiflorin and rutin, significantly increased the cellular activity of MC3T3-E1 cells. Furthermore, blocking the estrogen receptor signaling by tamoxifen compromised the effects above significantly, suggesting the 6 compounds behave as estrogen-like reagents. Moreover, the interaction between the six flavonoids from FS and estrogen receptor was clarified by molecular docking method from Glide XP. Collectively, being used as food and medicine in China, FS is rich in flavonoids with estrogen-like effects, may be used as healthy supplementary in treating postmenopausal women osteoporosis.

KEYWORDS
  • Fructus Sophorae
  • Flavonoid
  • Phytoestrogens
  • Estrogen Receptor
  • Osteoporosis

SUPPORTING INFORMATION


Supplementary Data 1

NMR spectra and Q/TOF-MS spectra of the total 27 compounds

Download File supplemental data 1 RNP.docx (1.95 MB)
Graphic abstract

Updated graphic abstract