JOURNAL 1895


Organic Communications
VOLUME & ISSUE
Year: 2021 Issue: 1 January-March
PAGES
p.58 - 72
STATISTICS
Viewed 94 times.
AUTHORS
  • Ashish Patel
  • Alkesh Patel
  • Rahul Hemani
  • Riddhi Solanki
  • Janki Kansara
  • Gargi Patel
  • Sayantan Pradhan
  • Tushar Bambharoliya
PDF OF ARTICLE

GRAPHICAL ABSTRACT


ABSTRACT


The SARS-CoV-2 virus emerged as a major cause of the COVID-19 pandemic in December 2019. Many attempts have been made to block the viral infection by targeting various processes like its entry, uncoating, replication, activating T cells response, and rising antibody titer. Also, many drugs are repurposed like remdesivir, dexamethasone, tocilizumab, hydroxychloroquine based on their established therapeutic efficacy against other viruses in the past. Natural products (NP) consist of a promising candidate and are needed to evaluate those molecules with molecular docking for preliminary screening and in vitro studies. Therefore, in the present study, a total of 12 active constituents from natural products like Ashwagandha, Tinospora cordifolia, Tea, Neem and lemon balm were docked, using the Autodock tool, onto the crystal structure of SARS CoV-2 main protease (PDB ID-5R80), to study their capability to act as main protease (Mpro) COVID-19 inhibitors. All NPs derivatives displayed good binding energies (ΔG) ranging from -8.8 to -5.2 kcal/mol, but berberine, epicatechin, and rosmarinic acid were found most potent, among others. Therefore, good binding energy, drug-likeness, and efficient pharmacokinetics suggest the potential of NPs derivatives as SARS-CoV-2 main protease (Mpro) inhibitors. However, further research is necessary to investigate the ability of these compounds as COVID-19 inhibitors.

KEYWORDS
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • main protease
  • natural products
  • molecular docking
  • viral infection
  • drug-likeness

SUPPORTING INFORMATION


Supporting Information
Download File A4-97-OC-2012-1895-SI.pdf (352.42 KB)