Journal of Chemical Metrology

A scientific open access journal in the field of analytical chemistry and accreditation
Editor-in-Chief: Mustafa Özyürek
Book Review and Review Article Editor: John Warren

LATEST ARTICLES

CRM Report Article

Characterization of low-density polyethylene reference material for melt flow rate by collaboration of NIS and a network of competent laboratories

J. Chem. Metrol. (2021) in press ; 1 - 11
by Hesham Moustafa , Ibrahim F. Tahoun , Ahmed I. Abou-Kandil and Nabila A. Darwish

The growth rate of plastic manufacturing all over the world and in the middle east as oil producing countries increased the rate of thermoplastics production and the needs of reference materials (RMs) for use in performance evaluation of measuring instruments and ensuring validity of measurement results. This article was focused on the preparation of RM based melt mass-flow rate from low-density polyethylene (LDPE) according to ISO 1133-1 standard. The characterization was evaluated from around 10% of prepared units, then the samples were distributed to a network of collaborating laboratories in order to ensure the validity of the RM production process. The value of melt mass-flow rate of LDPE was determined to be 19.51 g/10 min under a temperature of 190℃ and a load of 2.16 kg with expanded uncertainty 0.38 at 95% confidence level. The obtained values were confirmed from the data reported by the network of collaborating laboratories.

DOI
http://doi.org/10.25135/jcm.63.2107.2148
Keywords
Reference material melt mass-flow rate LDPE ISO 1133-1 homogeneity and stability collaborative study
Available online: October 10, 2021
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Original Article

Quantification of antileukemic drug Dasatinib in human plasma: Application of a sensitive liquid chromatographic method

J. Chem. Metrol. (2021) in press ; 1 - 11
by Avani Chokshi , Anuradha Gajjar , Pooja Bhanushali and Pritesh Desai

Dasatinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor that is approved and prescribed to patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia and Philadelphia chromosome. Present work reports development of reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatographic method for determination of Dasatinib in human plasma and validation of the developed method according to the guidelines provided by European Medicines Agency (EMA). An RP-HPLC method with UV detection and isocratic elution has been developed and validated for analysis of Dasatinib in human plasma over a range of 5-300 ng/mL. Imatinib was used as an internal standard. Both, the drug and the internal standard were separated on the Inertsil C18 column (150 mm×4.6 mm×0.005 mm) using Ammonium Acetate buffer pH 6.4 and acetonitrile at a ratio of 65:35 as mobile phase. The flow rate was adjusted to 0.7 mL min-1. The detection was performed at 310 nm wavelength. Sample pre-purification was performed through simple protein precipitation using acetonitrile followed by sample collection through centrifugation. The developed method was linear in the range of 5-300 ng/mL with correlation coefficients (r2) of 0.995. The lower limit of quantification for Dasatinib in plasma was 5 ng/mL. The accuracy and precision of the method were well within the acceptable limits of 15% over the linear range. In general, the developed method is efficient and inexpensive. It is very simple from the extraction of drug from the plasma matrix to the isocratic elution of analytes.   From the data, it can be concluded that the developed method is selective, precise and accurate and applicable for the determination of Dasatinib in human plasma samples.

DOI
http://doi.org/10.25135/jcm.64.2108-2174
Keywords
Dasatinib human plasma liquid chromatography method validation UV
Available online: October 09, 2021
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Original Article

LC-HRMS profiling of phytochemicals, antidiabetic, anticholinergic and antioxidant activities of evaporated ethanol extract of Astragalus brachycalyx Fischer

J. Chem. Metrol. (2021) in press ; 1 - 17
by Hatice Kızıltaş , Zeynebe Bingöl , Ahmet C. Gören , Suleyman Mesut Pinar , Saleh H. Alwasel and İlhami Gülçin

Astragalus is a perennial plant that has existed for about 2500-3000 years and consists of more than 250 taxonomic parts. Twenty species of Astragalus are endemic to Turkey, as well as the richest genus with 425 taxa. The roots of Astragalus species are used in folk medicine as hepatoprotective, antioxidant, antibacterial, antihypertensive, antidiabetic and diuretic. Also, it is used to treat diabetes mellitus, leukemia, nephritis and uterine cancer. It is known that in Anatolia, Astragalus roots are traditionally used against leukemia and wound healing. For the purpose, the measuring of antioxidant activity of evaporated ethanol extract of Astragalus brachycalyx FISCHER (EEAB), some bioanalytic methods including DPPH• and ABTS•+ scavenging effects, ferric ions (Fe3+) and cupric ions (Cu2+) reducing abilities, and metal (Fe2+) chelating activity were realized. α-Tocopherol, ascorbic acid, and BHT were used as the standard antioxidants. On the other hand, some phenolic compounds, which responsible for antioxidant activities of EEAB was determined by liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS). At the similar concentration, EEAB exhibited efficient antioxidant effects when compared to standard compounds. Additionally, EEAB showed IC50 values of 1.985 μg/mL toward acetylcholinesterase (AChE), 0.620 μg/mL on α-glycosidase and 0.306 μg/mL against α-amylase enzymes.

DOI
http://doi.org/10.25135/jcm.62.2107.2155
Keywords
Astragalus brachycalyx phenolic compounds antioxidant activity acetylcholinesterase α-glycosidase α-amylase
Available online: October 01, 2021
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Original Article

Development of a quick reverse phase liquid chromatographic method with photodiode-array detection for quantitative determination of chlorthalidone, metoprolol succinate and telmisartan in tablet formulation

J. Chem. Metrol. (2021) in press ; 1 - 9
by Avani Chokshi , Rohit Prajapati , Pritesh Desai and Mehul Patel

A quick and simple reversed-phase High-Performance Liquid Chromatographic method (RP-HPLC) with isocratic elution has been developed and validated for the concurrent quantitative determination of chlorthalidone, metoprolol succinate and telmisartan in the bulk mixture and tablet dosage form. The chromatographic separation was performed using Inertsil Octadecyl-Silica (ODS- C18) Column (150mm×4.6mm, 5μm) stationary phase. The separation and elution was carried out using a mobile phase mixture of phosphate buffer (50 mM, pH 2.5) and acetonitrile at a ratio of 40:60 v/v and 0.7 mL/min flow rate. Chlorthalidone, metoprolol succinate and telmisartan were eluted at 2.96±0.5 min, 4.31±0.5 min and 5.94±0.5 min respectively. The response was recorded using a photodiode array (PDA) detector at 225 nm wavelength. The selected method was linear in the range of 3.21-18.72 µg/mL, 6.25-37.50 µg/mL and 10-60 µg/mL while percentage recovery was in the range from 99.15 to 99.93%, 99.15 to 99.42% and 100.03 to 100.08% for chlorthalidone, metoprolol succinate and telmisartan respectively. The method was found to be sensitive, selective, linear and reproducible and the results obtained suggest the suitability of the developed method for routine analysis of the formulations containing the combination of these drugs.

DOI
http://doi.org/10.25135/jcm.6012106.2098
Keywords
Chlorthalidone high-performance liquid chromatography metoprolol Succinate telmisartan validation
Available online: August 24, 2021
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