Records of Natural Products Articles
Issue: 2 April-June
Records of Natural Products
Year: 2008 Volume: 2 Issue:2 April-June
1) Chemical Composition of the Essential Oil of Teucrium yemense Deflers
The chemical composition of the essential oil (EO) obtained by hydrodistillation from the leaves of Teucrium yemense Deflers was determined by GC-MS. Twelve compounds accounting to 77.7% of the total oil were identified. Sesquiterpene hydrocarbons (73.9%) were the predominant portion of the oil with δ-cadinene (34.9%), β-caryophyllene (22.7%), a -humulene (6.1%), and a -selinene (5.4%) as the main constituents.Keywords Essential oil Teucrium yemense δ-cadinene GC-MS. DETAILS PDF OF ARTICLE © 2008 ACG Publications. All rights reserved.
2) Chemical composition of essential oil of Syzygium guineense (Willd.) DC. var. guineense (Myrtaceae) from Benin
Essential oils extracted from dried leaves of Syzygium guineense harvested at Natitingou-Centre, Péperkou, Tchaourou and Térou were analysed by gas phase chomatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The main constituents were: caryophyllene oxide (7%), d -cadinene (7.5%), viridiflorol (7.5%), epi- a -cadinol (9.8%), a -cadinol (12.7%), cis-calamenen-10-ol (14%), citronellyl pentanoate (15.2%), b -caryophyllene (20.1%) and a -humulene (39.5%).Keywords Syzygium guineense essential oil GC-MS caryophyllene oxide d -cadinene viridiflorol epi- a -cadinol a -cadinol cis-calamenen-10-ol citronellyl pentanoate b -caryophyllene a -humulene. DETAILS PDF OF ARTICLE © 2008 ACG Publications. All rights reserved.
3) Chemical Investigation of Euphorbia schimperi C. Presl
Three triterpenoids; cycloart-25-en-3β,24-diol, cycloart-23-en-3β,25-diol, and a -amyrin, in addition to b -sitosterol- b -D-O-glucoside, scopoletin, luteolin and kampferol were isolated for the first time from the chloroform fraction of the alcoholic extract of Euphorbia schimperi C. Presl (F. Euphorbiaceae). The isolated compounds were identified using different spectroscopic methods (EIMS, 1HNMR, 13CNMR, HMQC, HMBC and COSY). The cytotoxic activity of the chloroform fraction was also studied using brain and breast carcinoma cell lines.Keywords Euphorbia schimperi triterpenoids cycloartane b -sitosterol- b -D-O-glucoside scopoletin luteolin kampferol cytotoxic activity. DETAILS PDF OF ARTICLE © 2008 ACG Publications. All rights reserved.
4) Anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of the aqueous extract of Cussonia paniculata stem Bark
The aqueous extract of the stem bark of Cussonia paniculata was investigated for its anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities in animal models. The extract at 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg body weight reduced significantly, the formation of oedema induced by carrageenan and histamine. In the acetic acid-induced writhing model, the extract showed a good analgesic effect characterized by reduction in the number of writhes when compared to the control. The extract caused dose-dependent decrease of licking time and licking frequency in rats injected with 2.5% formalin, signifying its analgesic effect. These results were also comparable to those of indomethacin and cyproheptadine, the reference drugs used in this study. Acute toxicity test showed that the plant caused 80% mortality in rats hence it is a toxic plant. Though the study has provided some justification for the folkloric use of the plant in several communities for conditions such as stomach-ache, pain and inflammations but caution should be exercised in its use for medicinal purpose.Keywords Analgesic anti-inflammation Cussonia paniculata indomethacin rats toxicity. DETAILS PDF OF ARTICLE © 2008 ACG Publications. All rights reserved.