Records of Natural Products
A scientific open access journal in the field of natural products.
Records of Natural ProductsA scientific open access journal in the field of natural products.
Eudesmane Sesquiterpenoids from Salvia plebeia
A new eudesmane sesquiterpene (1), named sapleudesone, together with four known analogs (25) were isolated from the aerial parts of Salvia plebeia. The structure of compound 1 was established by NMR and HRESIMS data, and the absolute configuration of 1 was determined by comparing the experimental ECD spectrum with the calculated ECD spectra. The known compounds were identified to be salplebeone A (2), linderolide I (3), chlorantene D (4), and chlomultin B (5) by comparing the NMR data and specific rotations with reported data. All five compounds were tested for the inhibitory effects against NO production in LPS-activated RAW 264.7 macrophages, As a result, compound 2 exhibited weak inhibitory effects with an IC50 value of 42.3 1.4 uM.DOI http://doi.org/10.25135/rnp.18.104.22.1686 (DOI number will be activated after the manuscript has been available in an issue.) Keywords eudesmane sesquiterpene Salvia plebeia; NO production inhibitory effects Available online: January 01, 2021 DETAILS DOWNLOAD PDF © ACG Publications. All rights reserved.
Volatile Constituents of Cistanche tubulosa and Their Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Potentials
Abstract: Abstract: The hydrodistilled volatile constituents of Cistanche tubulosa (commonly known as Desert Ginseng) have been chemically and biologically investigated. Based on the retention times and mass fragmentation of the obtained GC-MS chromatogram, 106 individual components which representing ≈ 99.29 % of the total volatile constituents have been identified. The major compounds (66.57% of the total composition) were identified as hexanal (15.98%), trans-sabinyl acetate (12.22%), allo-aromadendrene (9.30%), nonanoic acid (6.66%), 3Z- hexeny-2-methyl butanoate (6.09%), valeranone (5.25%), (E, E)-α-Farnesene (3.18%), a-pinene (3.06%), linalool isovalerate (3.03%) and a-humulene (1.8%). Estimation of the antioxidant activity of EO showed promising effect at 80 mg/mL concentration, it exerted 62.40, 863.29 and 62.72 % inhibition compared to TBHQ that showed 78.62, 77.56 and 79.23 % inhibition using DPPH, ABTS and β-carotene/Linoleic acid, respectively. The antioxidant activity was pronounced at 80 mg/mL than other concentrations. The volatile constituents showed inhibitory activity against gram positive bacteria ranged from 2.23 mg/100 mL ( for staphylococcus aureus ), and 15.68 mg/100 mL (for Bacillus cereus) compared to ciprofloxacin which showed inhibitory activity 0.185, and 0.182 mg/100 mL, respectively. Moreover, the MIC of volatiles towards gram negative bacteria are ranged from 18.35 (Escherichia coli) to 31.61 mg/100 mL (Klebsiella pneumonia) compared to ciprofloxacin with 0.184 to 0.188 mg/mL respectively. Additionally, the antifungal activity against candida albicans was rather promising (4.36 mg/mL).DOI http://doi.org/10.25135/rnp.22.214.171.1249 (DOI number will be activated after the manuscript has been available in an issue.) Keywords Cistanche tubulosa volatile constituents antioxidant antimicrobial Orobanchaceae Available online: January 01, 2021 DETAILS DOWNLOAD PDF © ACG Publications. All rights reserved.
Silybum marianum: not just Silymarin and Flavonolignans
The use of Silybum marianum L. for therapeutic purposes has been known since ancient times. Its phytocomplex reduces transaminases and other biohumoral indices in the course of liver disease and also in hepato-renal syndrome. In particular, the flavonolignan component has shown properties that would partially explain the ability of the phytocomplex to induce a certain regeneration of liver cells, stimulate the cellular elimination of toxins and reduce the inflammatory component, present in fatty, alcoholic and hormonal therapies with steroids. S. marianum is also successfully used in the treatment of patients with symptomatic chronic hepatitis, with complete disappearance of clinical symptoms, such as asthenia, loss of appetite, severe meteorism, dyspepsia, and with normalization of transaminases. The same results can be obtained in patients undergoing heavy chemotherapy cycles. Modern herbal medicine uses it in decoction or infusion, however with some caution in patients suffering from hypertension, due to the presence of tyramine. In addition, the extracts of the roots have antioxidant, diuretic and febrifugal properties and those of the leaves have aperitif properties. It is therefore interesting to provide a picture of the different non-flavonolignanic components (terpenes, steroids and essential oils) of the plant and their properties, which have perhaps been wrongly neglected over the past few years.DOI http://doi.org/10.25135/rnp.18.17.06.108 (DOI number will be activated after the manuscript has been available in an issue.) Keywords Silybum marianum silibinin terpenes steroids biological activity Available online: December 26, 2020 DETAILS DOWNLOAD PDF © ACG Publications. All rights reserved.
Chemical Composition, and Evaluation of Antibacterial，Antibiofilm and Synergistic Effects with Conventional Antibiotics of Essential Oil from Mallotus repandus
The essential oil (EO) of aerial parts of Mallotus repandus (Willd.) Muell. Arg. was extracted by hydrodistillation and characterized by GC/FID and GC/MS. Fifty-one compounds comprising 97.1% of the EO were identified, of which α-humulene (18.7%), β-selinene (12.8%), aciphyllene (10.7%), (E)-caryophyllene (8.4%), α-copaene (5.5%), humulene epoxide II (4.9%) and caryophyllene oxide (4.3%) were the major compounds. The EO was evaluated for antibacterial properties using broth microdilution method and crystal-violet static biofilm formation assay. The M. repandus EO possessed a bactericidal effect against tested gram-positive bacteria strains (MIC = MBC: 0.05-0.10 mg/mL). Further, the EO showed the ability to inhibit the biofilm formation of Staphylococcus aureus. In addition, the potential synergistic effect was assessed by checkerboard method. Combination of the M. repandus EO with Streptomycin showed synergistic effects against the tested bacterial strains. This study demonstrates that M. repandus EO could be further explored as good alternative for potential pharmaceuticals.DOI http://doi.org/10.25135/rnp.126.96.36.1994 (DOI number will be activated after the manuscript has been available in an issue.) Keywords Mallotus repandus (Willd.) Muell. Arg. essential oil antibacterial activity antibiofilm activity synergistic effects Available online: December 20, 2020 DETAILS DOWNLOAD PDF © ACG Publications. All rights reserved.