Synthesis, theoretical calculation and α-glucosidase inhibition of new chalcone oximes
Year: 2018 Issue: 1 January-March
p.23 - 34
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Seda Fandaklı, İnci Selin Doğan, Hasan Erdinç Sellitepe, Ahmet Yaşar and Nurettin Yaylı
A series of eleven hydroxy and methoxy substituted new chalcone oximes (2a-2k) were synthesized by the condensation of chalcone (1a-1k) with hydroxylamine hydrochloride in pyridine. Structures of the synthesized compounds were characterized using NMR (1D; 1H, 13C/APT and 2D 1H- 1H COSY, NOESY and ROESY), FT-IR, UV, LC-MS/MS spectral data and elemental analysis. These synthetic compounds (2a-k) were screened for their α-glucosidase inhibition. The most α-glucosidase inhibitory activity were observe on compounds 2a and 2b with in the range of 1.61-3.36 µM (IC 50 values) which were more active then acarbose (IC 50, 13,34 µM). IC 50 values of other synthesized compounds 2c-2h are within the range of 7,25-25,55 µM which were more or as active as acarbose, but, IC 50 values for compounds 2j-2k were not observed. The geometric isomers of compounds 2a-2k were calculated theoretically. Experimental and theoretical calculations showed that cisoid 1E,2E is the most stable geometrical isomer of all.KEYWORDS
- chalcone oxime
- α-glucosidase inhibition