Records of Natural Products

Year: 2007 Volume: 1 Issue:1 May-June

Review Article

1) Biological activity of diterpenoids isolated from Anatolian Lamiaceae Plants

Rec. Nat. Prod. (2007) 1:1 ; 1 - 16
by Ahmet C. Gören and Gülaçtı Topçu

In this study, antibacterial, antifungal, antimycobacterial, cytotoxic, antitumor, cardiovascular, antifeedant, insecticidal, antileishmanial and some other single activities of diterpenoids and norditerpenoids isolated from Turkish Lamiaceae plants, are reviewed. The diterpenoids were isolated from species of Salvia, Sideritis, and Ballota species growing in Anatolia. Fifty abietanes, ten kaurenes, seven pimaranes, six labdanes with their biological activities were reported. While twenty five diterpenoids showed antibacterial activity, eight of which showed activity against fungi. The most cytotoxic one was found to be taxodione (44) isolated from species of Salvia. Antifeedant, insecticidal and insect repellent activity of kaurenes, antimycobacterial activity and cardioactivity of abietanes and norabietanes together with labdanes were also reported.

Biological activity Diterpenoids Lamiaceae Salvia Sideritis Ballota Antibacterial Antifungal Antimycobacterial Cytotoxic Cardiovascular and Insecticidal Activities.
© 2007 ACG Publications. All rights reserved.
Original Article

2) Chemotaxonomic Evaluation of Species of Turkish Salvia: Fatty Acid Composition of Seed Oils. II.

Rec. Nat. Prod. (2007) 1:1 ; 17 - 23
by Turgut Kılıç , Tuncay Dirmenci and Ahmet C. Gören

Fatty acids composition of seed oil of Salvia viridis, S. hydrangea, S. blepharochleana, S. chianantha, S. staminea, S. hypergeia,, S. cilicica, S. caespitosa, S. sclarea, S. cadmica, S. microstegia, S. pachystachys andS. verticillata were analyzed by GC/MS. The main compound were found to be as linoleic acid (18:2; 12.8 % to 52.2 %), linolenic acid (18:3; 3.2 % to 47.7 %), oleic acid (18:1; 11.3 % to 25.6 %), palmitic acid (16:0; 0.7 % to 16.8 %) and stearic acid (18:0; 1.8 % to 4.8 %). A phylogenetic tree of species of Salvia were reported and compared to 18:3/18:2 ratio of the seed oils. Fatty acid composition of Salvia seed oils could be used as a chemotaxonomical marker.

Salvia Fatty acid Linoleic acid Linolenic acid chemotaxonomy
© 2007 ACG Publications. All rights reserved.